Pancha Koshas

Author Gurukkal Dr. S Mahesh


Elevating the Self: Enhancing Pancha Koshas through Kalari Mastery

The Pancha Koshas, or five sheaths, are fundamental concepts in spirituality that describe the layers or dimensions of the human being. Each sheath represents a different aspect of existence, ranging from the physical to the spiritual, and understanding them is crucial for holistic well-being and self-realization.

Rooted in this philosophy, the practice of Kalari Sadhana, within the realm of Kalaripayattu, serves as a transformative journey that addresses and enhances each of these sheaths.



Annamaya Kosha (Physical Sheath):
The journey begins with the Annamaya Kosha, the physical sheath, where practitioners cultivate strength and agility through rigorous kalari training. As you know The Annamaya Kosha is the outermost layer and is associated with the physical body.It is made up of the food we eat, hence its name “Annamaya” which translates to “made of food. “This sheath includes the bones, muscles, organs, and other physical structures that compose the body. It is through the Annamaya Kosha that we interact with the material world, and its health is essential for overall well-being.



Pranamaya Kosha (Vital Energy Sheath):
Moving inward, the Pranamaya Kosha, the vital energy sheath, is refined through breath control techniques, enhancing the flow of prana throughout the body. – The Pranamaya Kosha encompasses the vital energy or life force within the body, known as prana. Kalari practice give more focus in the breath, circulation, and the flow of energy throughout the body.
This sheath is responsible for sustaining life and vitality, and practices we do during practice aim to balance and enhance the physical and energetic sensations.


Manomaya Kosha (Mental Sheath):
The Manomaya Kosha relates to the mind and mental processes, including thoughts, emotions, and perceptions.It governs cognitive functions, such as reasoning, memory, and imagination, as well as emotional experiences and influences our behaviour and actions. Practices like Akam meditation and mindfulness aim to cultivate clarity and balance within the Manomaya Kosha. As I always say kalaripayattu training is ultimately a mind training, than a physical training
As practitioners delve deeper, they encounter the Manomaya Kosha, the mental sheath, where the power of the mind is honed and expanded through focused practice.


Vijnanamaya Kosha (Wisdom Sheath):
Beyond the realms of the mind lies the Vijnanamaya Kosha, the sheath of self-knowledge. The Vijnanamaya Kosha is associated with higher knowledge, intuition, and spiritual insight.It encompasses wisdom, and the capacity for self-awareness beyond mere intellect,where practitioners gain deeper insights into themselves and the universe through martial wisdom and knowledge about the self

Gurukkal talking with Malaysian team

Gurukkal talking with Malaysian team


Anandamaya Kosha (Bliss Sheath):
The Anandamaya Kosha is the innermost layer and represents the state of pure bliss and consciousness. This sheath reflects the ultimate goal of spiritual practice – experiencing inherent bliss and oneness with existence. Ultimately, the journey culminates in the Anandamaya Kosha, the bliss sheath, where practitioners experience profound states of joy and harmony as their entire being is charged with newfound energy and vitality.
In summary, the Pancha Koshas describe the multidimensional nature of the human being, encompassing physical, energetic, mental, wisdom, and blissful aspects. Understanding and harmonizing these sheaths are integral to achieving holistic well-being, spiritual growth, and self-realization.



Thus, through the practice of Kalari Sadhana, practitioners embark on a holistic journey of self-discovery and transformation, aligning body, mind, and spirit in pursuit of inner harmony and enlightenment.





Podhigai Prayanam | Agasthya Bhajan | Agasthyam Kalari

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