We have learned about the 18 Sidhars. We have already read about Agasthya: the glorious key to timeless wisdom. Now let’s learn about the most revered Sidhar, Bhogar. Bhogar is most famous for sculpting the Andipandaram Pazhani Andavan idol at Palani using nine ingredients. He is known as Bhog Yang in China. He is a disciple of Kalanginathar and Agasthya muni. Bhogar was a world traveler and is believed to have reached not only China and Sri Lanka but also South America. In Bhogar Sapta Kandam, he teaches his disciple Pulipaani many esoteric techniques, especially with chemistry.
Bhogar was a physician, chemist, rejuvenation expert as well as a visionary. He envisioned the aircraft centuries ahead of others. There are multiple references to his flying machine in Bhogar Sapta Kandam. We can attribute this to the fact that his guru Kalainginathar was of Chinese descent. Bhogar went to China as per her Guru’s wish. Kalainginathar belonged to the Navnath system of knowing Shiva through the Shivasakthi sidha route. It is the philosophy that sees energy as feminine and physicality as masculine. Bhogar popularised this philosophy in China.
LaoTzu, the philosopher behind the duality of matter, described energy as Ying and Yang in the 5th century. The inspiration for this can be traced back to Agasthya and Bhogar. An adept alchemist, Bhogar spread that technology also in China. By 135 BC, alchemy was a popular art in China. But when the focus shifted to converting metals to gold, the practice was banned by the state. The texts Shih Chi, Treatise of Elixir Refine in Nine Cauldrons, etc refer to this period. It is estimated that Bhogar lived between 550 and 300 BC.
Taoism originated around this period. It is possible that Bhogar and LaoTzu are the same. Sidhars were prolific travellers. Just like Ramathevar who is known as Yakoob in Arabia, Bhogar also has several names.
Alchemy became popular by the 2nd century BC in China i.e. around two centuries after LaoTzu. One of the main aims of alchemy was immortality through physical transformation. It was called Wai Dam and quickly became popular.
Pazhani temple is the living Samadhi spot of Bhogar. The idol here is not made of stone but Navapashana or 9 poisons. The idol is composed of these fatal chemicals fused together by Bhogar. The chemical mixture is capable of raising the devotee to higher consciousness. Along with the 9 poisonous chemicals, 4448 herbs are in the mix.
Bhogar sings about the 9 poisons as
Paangana pashanam onpathinum
Parivana vivaram thaan sollu kellu
Kaivari, kenthi, cheelai manthevi
Koduveeram kachal vellai
Pakarkinta thottineduchootham changu
Poornamai niraintha sivasakthi
Nalamana manonmani kadakshangalai
Nani nee onpathai katt katt.
The 9 poisons are Mercuric Chloride (Jathilingam or Veeram), thotti pashanam, Mercury (rasam, shoothangapashanam), Sulphur (gandhakam), Arsenic Penta sulfate (gowripashanam), Arsenic trioxide (vellapashanam), Arsenic disulphate (sheelaipashanam), and Shanghupasaham.
The mixture has the capacity to attract universal energy and channelize it to the chakras. Thus the sacred abhisheka of the idol has medicinal quality. After installing the idol through Shaiva heritage on top of Palani hill, Bhogar took samadhi there itself in a nearby cave. He descended into it and the mouth was sealed by his disciple Pulipaani. Bhogar closed his eyes, focused on his breath, awakened Kundalini’s energy, and attained Samadhi. There are many who believe that he will return for other great causes in the future.
“With my mind at rest, I felt Brahman and sitting there I wrote the 7000 slokas” this is the preface of Bhogar 7000. The same living Samadhi state. On the southwest side of Palani hills, we can still see the spot and the Navadurga and Bhuvaneshwari idols and the precious emerald shivalinga that Bhogar worshipped.